Since then the Sai Trust has come under considerable public criticism and may have its many privileges and non-transparency withdrawn after legal scrutiny. This occurred after the death of Sathya Sai Baba (allegedly on April 24, 2011) and the discovery of a huge hoard of unaccounted gold, silver, currency and countless material goods hidden in caches throughout his Yajur Mandir apartment. See The Sathya Sai Trust mini-empire is crumbling and Sathya Sai Central Trust era of unaccountability drawing to a close?

The Economic Times on Sai Trust irregularities

For decades, the Sathya Sai Central Trust had tax and custom duty exemption as a Charitable Trust, with special allowances and largely undisclosed financial advantages, subsidies and support by Indian governments. As such it is not legally required to have any rules or guidelines, being run entirely by an unaccountable Board of Directors (under Sathya Sai Baba as Chairman until his decease in 2011). How or to whom authority and funds were and are delegated is unknown, no minutes of meetings available and all internal matters are kept secret, including the reason for dismissals by Sai Baba of Board members or other staff. Donors cannot monitor the use of their monies in any way.

Sathya Sai Central Trust's first financial reportThat the Sathya Sai mini-imperium became worth billions of dollars is indisputed. The main coffer for Sai funds is his Sathya Sai Central Trust, which is a non-transparent unaccountable body. The UK magazine The Economist had an article dealing with the Sai Baba Empire on 25th December 1993, where it is reported that "disciples say he is richer than the pope". Around that time, Sai Baba was rated as the No. 1 foreign exchange earner in India. The Sathya Sai Central Trust always was a secretive body which published no complete accounts and no breakdown of where or from whom donations are received. Thus its funds and dispositions were very difficult to assess accurately. As a charitable trust, their public duty was to report to the Government, but this report was under the control of those in power, and for most of the past 40 years, the Prime Ministers and the Presidents of India have been Sai Baba followers or at least supporters. The sum of donations received by the Sathya Sai Central Trust and published by the Indian authorities are most unsatisfactory, as no accounts or breakdown of the figure were ever available. How much undeclared money was involved, no one but insiders knew, nor how much was embezzled (though some few but considerable embezzlements were uncovered by the Indian press in 1993).

After Sathya Sai Baba's death in April 2011, a major struggle for control of the Sathya Sai Central Trust ensued, reported widely in the Indian press. The massive hoard of wealth discovered in his secret apartment when it was finally opened by the sole owner of the key, his young boyfriend and supposed inheritor and successor Satyajit, led to a series of scandals, including apprehension of major sums of money from the temple being transported by van late at night. The subsequent arrests and legal proceedings agains the successful inheritor, his nephew Ratnakar, led to nothing. Massive bribery is known to have been a method used by Sathya Sai Baba, which indicates how the court cases came to nothing. Under massive media and even governmental pressures - including the cessation of governmental subsidies to the Trust, Ratnakar and his puppet board of directors decided that it would publish accounts in future. Unfortunately, the results of this are far from satisfactory and have not make the Trust transparent by any means, though some information has been released. See the report on this on the righ here.

Note! The text of the document here below was written many years ago.

Did Sai Baba himself have any money to give away unselfishly?

On 11/8/2001, Sathya Sai Baba held a discourse (published in Sanathana Sarathi, September 2001) where he detailed the running costs of the two hospitals, the colleges etc. and how much investment was
needed to cover these. This sum – amounting to the interest from 600 crores of rupees (about $120 mill), is perhaps surprisingly little, considering the billions that have been donated to him. Half the interest of this 600 crores goes to the Bangalore hospital, 2/6th to the Puttaparthi hospital and 1/6th to all the educational institutions together. Sai Baba asks rhetorically, “Wherefrom does it all come?” And adds so self-deprecatingly, “However, I am giving it” (p. 264). Does Sai Baba himself have any money to give, then? He has always claimed to be a renunciate who owns nothing. For example, “At a meeting of the Central Trust yesterday, I told the members including Sri Indulal Shah, that I had no interest in property. Do not involve me in any connection with these properties. I do not wish to have any connection with money or property. My only concern is with my devotees. Telling them all this, I signed the papers.“ (1.01.1998, Sanathana Sarathi, Vol.  41, January1998, p. 4).

However, a person who has control over the multi-billion dollar trust in that all his chosen ‘directors’ are beholden to him and – in their faith that he is all-knowing Divinity – dare not contradict him, cannot be said to be without property. He has expressed his gratitude to anyone for the help he personally receives! As usual, Sathya Sai Baba claims “I do not accept anything from anyone” (p. 168). How can he really not receive ANYTHING, just like everyone else alive does? Impossible! He is the recipient of many goods that most Indians regard as unattainable luxuries!

Sai Baba related in this same Krishna birthday discourse that he received news that the same sum, 600 crores of rupees, was coming from a person in the US with whom he had no direct contact. If so, this means it was someone other than the US metals magnate (and big Haliburton investor) James Sinclair, who has also made several donations in the tens of millions… and further, donations of $100 million and more have even been announced in public now and again! Donors to the water project were publicly named before the ca. 300,000 visitors at Baba’s 70th birthday (as a blessing?) The list included only those who had given over a very high amount (1 crore of rupees – over $200,000.-), without mention of any others who were not so rich but had also contributed. James Sinclair was named along with dozens others, including the Indian liquor baron Bangarappa! Unlike Mahatma Gandhi, Sai Baba willingly accepts tainted money. Devotees rationalize this on the lines of ‘God is all-powerful so why can’t he do anything he wishes? Some argue more sensibly that he make bad money good by putting it to better ends… however, this is really only money-laundering and whitewashing. The money goes to increase his interests and standing!

Any near-exact estimate of the entire Sai holdings is impossible to make due to the extremely secretive Sathya Sai Central Trust and other funds over which he has control , but $10 billion would probably be a conservative guess. Calculating on the basis of membership figures and other estimates touted by the Sathya Sai Organisation, another source put the figure at $45 billion sometime after 2000. Since reliable information on everything about the Sai empire is never declared fully and their accounts are protected by the government, including the secrets of the many sources from which donations come (testimonies of deceased devotees, often their entire estates – such as the fortune of the famous film star James Mason, for one. A close relative of a friend of mine was induced to part with £1/4 million in her last will and testament to the Sathya Sai Central Trust when  Sai devotees – having already extracted tens of thousands of pounds from her for projects which never materialized – further concentrated on ‘love-bombing’ her in her aged frailty, giving her false hopes of salvation and so on.
No accounts are available to anyone – other than undocumented annual gross sum statements by the authorities, who are often under Sai Baba’s influential thumb – as is well known to insiders -) The Sathya Sai Trust is exempt from taxation, and special freedom from import duties have been granted by his governmental followers. One certainly wonders where it all goes, apart from the opulent luxuries like charter jets, extravagant buildings, apartments and frequent costly festivals and huge ‘birthday bashes’!

Legal notice issued against Sathya Sai Baba already in 1993

The INDIAN EXPRESS, Coimbatore, 25-6-1993 reported, under the heading "Notice to Chavan to probe 'bid' on Baba" ENS Legal Bureau NEW DELHI- "A legal notice was issued on Thursday to Union Home Minister S.B. Chavan for instituting within a fortnight an impartial inquiry into the alleged June 6 attack on the Sai Baba of Puttaparthi and as to how the Sai Baba has amassed an empire worth Rs.6000 crore."

That sum of money was close to 2 billion US dollars at the rate of exchange then prevailing. Over a billion more came in from Mr. James Sinclair several years later, just to name one donor.

"Bhagavan does not expect anything. Other swamis camp at different places to generate funds. Swamis who have accumulated wealth can be seen. There is no connection between these and Sathya Sai organizations. We must not have any relationship with those beggars. Sathya Sai Organization will grow, nourish the spirit of sacrifice and reflect this spirit.”
(from Sai Baba's 1999 Yugadi Discourse)

The sheer duplicity and 'double-accounting' of Sathya Sai Baba and his minions is seen by comparing the above quotation with the accumulated wealth and not least the continuing struggle to obtain donations, legacies, and income from diverse sources (including for private hospital treatment, which is said to be free, but which has resulted in some hefty bills to foreign patients who do not donate).

The non-transparency of the trust fund and the accounts and decisions made in all other Sai institutions is highly suspect. Why do they conceal from everyone outside the inner cadre members of the Sathya Sai Central Trust and some few other leaders nominated by Sai Baba? The Sathya Sai Central Trust is apparently involved in managing the finances of the various colleges Sai Baba and had handled funds for his private hospitals and water provision schemes. Many people consider these social works to be sufficient justification for ignoring any criticisms of Sai baba at all - whatever his other crimes may be. Admirable in intention, less so in execution, I was a contributor to several of them myself. No longer would I send a penny, since I now know too much about his deceits, cover-ups and outright misuse of devotees' trust on all levels. There is so little transparency about the finances that no one but a trusted insider can discover the facts, which is one of the most important failings and convenient clandestine operation behind all this. The Central Trust is able to hide all its semi-legal methods of extracting money from devotees (through apartment scams and various other unexpected charges which are levied on them from time to time).

Then there is the use of devotees' donated funds for projects which serve mainly only to honour Sai Baba himself (see wasteful extravagance here) white elephant projects (i.e. the Sathya Sai Airport, which is up for sale and can't find a buyer) - or largely flawed undertakings like the Rayalaseema Water Project and now, it appears,both the Cricket field and Indoor Stadium at Prashanthi Nilayam (where a Tennis Tournament between India and the Philippines had to be abandoned minutes after players were on the court ready to start!). It is well known that the Rayalaseema Water Project was largely botched. The water table fell during the planning (despite the repeated claims of Sai Baba that he is omniscient, omnipotent and that nothing to which he puts his will can ever fail!) Nonetheless, Sathya Sai Baba asked the Andhra Pradesh state authorities to take over the entire running and further financing of the project. There are often considerable losses of money through wrong investment, embezzlement and that much is spent on wasteful buildings and many and unnecessarily costly celebrations to celebrate Sai Baba above all. No one can tell where money not used is spend or placed. A complete absence of accountability operates throughout Sathya Sai officialdom in India (also to varying degrees in most other countries). Those who are aware about the extent and depth of corruption in India, the pay-offs, kick-backs and ingrained financial embezzlement throughout most of the country will not be surprised. I write this simply to warn and try to redress some of the cover-ups about money matters in the Sai mini-empire, money which was pledged to raising the lot of the poor through education and help projects.

Tainted Money and Washing of funds?

During Sai Baba's 70th birthday celebrations, when the extensive Rayalaseema project to provide water in the local area was inaugurated, Mr. Srinivas of the Central Trust of the Sathya Sai Organisation read out from the podium in front of Sai Baba a long list of major donors and the sums given (but only of those giving 10 million rupees or more!) All this was duly recorded on film and soundtracks, also transcribed and printed afterwards.. These donations totalled many millions of dollars, large sums coming from various devotees from such countries as the USA (eg. Mr. Sinclair) and Japan . It was noticeable too that the names included the contributions of Bhangarappa, a known corrupt Karnataka politician, who gave ten million rupees (i.e. one crore), and two famous Indian 'liquor barons' - which means illegal operators - one of whom, Mr. Reddy, was murdered in Madras only a week or so later.

The morning that the news of Reddy being shot dead arrived, V.K. Narasimhan came over and told me about it, for earlier he had recounted for me how he had been taken by Sai Baba in his car to visit the same Mr. Reddy in his palatial residence some months previously. Reddy had told Sai Baba that he wanted to get out of politics and other (criminal) involvements, which wish was anyhow now fulfilled definitively!

V.K. Narasimhan was disturbed that Sai Baba broke the rule set by Mahatma Gandhi (of whom VKN was an ardent follower) never to accept so-called 'blood money'. VKN made the best of it eventually, however, by hoping that tainted money was being laundered not only financially but also perhaps 'spiritually' in now going to the benefit of the really worthy and needy. Why Sai Baba accepts ill-gotten gains is a question devotees should seriously ask themselves. The aphorism that best answers this seems to be "When money comes, morality goes".

Other money coming in to the Trust and being accepted is said by a well-informed lady in an important post with access to inside financial information in Delhi (a defector from Sai Baba when her innocent son was imprisoned after the murder attempts - a Mrs. D. Saxena, a Customs and Excise Officer) had checked the Central Trust's transactions and found that sums of money come from 'laundering' of illegal funds; donors including the known Indian drug- and gun-runner Dawood Ibrahim, who is a known criminal in hiding somewhere in the Gulf region! Apparently it's not least a question of buying into prestige. Though approached by the BBC team who made 'The Secret Swami', Mrs. Saxena was too frightened to allow an interview. She has been seriously harassed by top CID officials after the 1993 murders, and her son - who only happened to know Vijay Prabhu, one of those accused of orchestrating the intrusions - was so damaged by the incident he had to be sent to the USA to recover and study there. This information came to me from Mr. V. Ramnath, an IAS officer friend of Mrs. Dolly Saxena.

The Times of India reported (April 30, 2011) under the title 'All the Sai Baba's men' as follows:- "D K Adikesavulu. A liquor baroncum-Lok Sabha member from the opposition Telugu Desam Party (TDP), Adikesavulu broke ranks and voted for the government. Though expelled by the TDP, an obliged ruling party responded by making him chairman of the richest temple trust in the country, the Tirupati Tirumala Devasthanam (TTD). Now that his term has ended, the wealthy merchant is taking greater interest in the affairs of the Sathya Sai Central Trust. A follower of Sai Baba for 30 years, someone who, in his own words, has donated crores of rupees to the Trust, Adikesavalu is keen that Sai Baba's good work goes on uninterrupted. Those in the know of things suggest he is close to R J Rathnakar, the nephew of the godman." This shows how the Trust accepts any amount of tainted money and 'launders' it.

Sai Baba cleverly disarms visitors and the general public by pretending that that he never stretches out his hand for money, that he has no selfish desires of any kind.He claims that the money one gives (to him) is not for him personally but for the education of his students, the poor, his private hospital etc. His staff soon get rid of anyone who dares to throw any suspicion at all on his financial activities. However, anyone with eyes to see can observe how much is lavished on celebrating him personally at endless festivals, all his birthdays and in building monumental museums etc. to honour him. He personally dispenses cash by hand to various students, to selected devotees, and disaffected students and followers reported his cash gifts, not least to young men who he takes into his private interview room for sexual purposes (such as Alaya Rahm and others who have testified on this). Further, he shows early that he is most interested in individual devotees who he gets interested in donating through ambiguous talk and promises does on occasion ask for donations, both officially in Sanathana Sarathi (eg. for the hospitals, the water project and various disaster relief) and on some private occasions (see here and here). His emphasis on selfless service, plus and continuous claims of his own exemplary leadership in this, causes trusting followers to increase and so does their desire to contribute. Like myself, in common with devotees full of trust and good will, I believed that financial donations are a spiritual secret (as Sai Baba emphasizes) and also a secondary matter (wholly unimportant, if one is to believe him!). This is why I never told a single person that I had made donations, not until I found that there was serious fraud involved, and I was a case in hand.

That Sathya Sai Baba accepts a donation is in reality is very important for the would-be donor, since a refusal is taken as a black mark against them (by God!) A rejection (though very seldom reported) can affect contributors who may feel guilt about their wealth when seeing the poor of India etc. and seeing what Sai Baba apparently does and contributes (even though the actual work and contributing is all done by others). Sai Baba's many remarks about shedding the burdens of possessions (of which money is the prime example) as a prerequisite for a righteous (dharmic) life and eventual 'self-realisation' is a powerful pressure on followers to think that they will gain spiritual benefits through shedding their excess properties and monies (particularly to Sathya Sai Central Trust!). Many believe, and rightly so, that donations can lead to interviews. They also hope to get 'divine blessings' in return and even accumulate particular good karma and perhaps even liberation from the wheel of life.

The rich are always milling close around Sai Baba's feet and it is well-known how he gives much of his time to certain millionaire donors, such as Isaac Tigrett and James Sinclair and wife. To reinforce the feeling of the usefulness of contributing money, Sai Baba often underlines that there is absolutely zero waste of funds in his ashrams and his Central Trust. But this I came to my great disappointment to discover in more and more case is completely untrue! Money is often used on projects that fail (such as occurred with a large part of the much-trumpeted Rayalaseema Water Project due to corrupt contractors) or buildings that are soon replaced (eg. the Sai Ramesh Hall at Brindavan) or is embezzled by Sai Baba staff (prime examples are Mr. Suri (see here), Mr. Narayanan, and Mr. Nataraj). Even those who regularly paint the buildings swindle on the quantity and quality of paint, as I learned to my great surprise from a long-serving Seva Dal I came to know very well, a Mr. Krishna Panjwani from Mumbai who was the buyer for the ashram shops for many years... but who left Sai Baba eventually in disgust.

However, Westerners are attracted by the claim that there are no overheads or other drains on what they donate (as is the case with many so-called voluntary charities have employment costs, publicity costs etc.) However, that is a half-truth at best, for almost everything that is done in India require greasing - bribes, that is. Sai Baba is able to claim that his overheads are very low which is wholly due to the completely voluntary labour of thousands of members of his service organisations like the Seva Dal and the Sathya Sai Organisation.

Buying God's Time

It is considered a great heresy among believers to point out that Sai Baba's time can be bought, for he is God who has all the time in the world etc. Unfortunately for this bent reasoning, all this time does not allow the earthbound Sai Baba to talk to give interviews to more than a small fraction of the very large and pressing personality cult around him. Considering this it is not surprising that people try to use the normal 'short cuts' like money, personal power and influence and numerous other ways of obtaining what is then treasured as 'grace from God'. But this is what often happens in fact, however rosily the transaction is described as 'receiving grace' or 'rewards for being a great Sai worker'. There is, of course, no deal and no exchange of the blatant sort. The transaction is much more subtle than that, and from the donors viewpoint there does not seem to be any connection between what they give and what Sai Baba 'donates' of his attention or time in return. However, one way to obtain donations from wealthy persons is to make much of them, praise and flatter, and give privileges, manifest so-called 'diamond' rings for them and give them free accommodation etc. If they have any decency, they will invariably respond with whatever they can contribute. This is just what occurs in case after case, and has done so since long before the famous Dr. N. Bhagavantam left Sai Baba around 1983 at least partly because he evidently detested this! To refuse a donation - as Sai Baba often does - only increases the fervour tenfold of many donors, who then wish to give much more. It supposedly helps one feel one is an acceptable person in God's eyes after all!

I was finally convinced of the fact that the rich purchase time and favours when I saw a couple coming out of Sai Baba's rooms every morning before darshan for over a week while staying at Kodaikanal, having gone in at least half an hour beforehand each day. They were a Mr. and Mrs. Sinclair of USA, who are known as the donors of hundreds of millions of dollars to the Central Trust! Hundreds of millions is correct, it is no misprint, and their donation then (one of several multi-million dollar gifts they made) were announced at Sai Baba's 70th birthday (without their permission) and other of their donations have been written about in Sanathana Sarathi. (Mr. Sinclair's own account of his relation to Sai Baba was published in brief in its pages in the 1990s). The rich and very influential always get virtual red carpet treatment from Sai Baba, which fact cannot be concealed. They may have to wait half an hour, but that is nothing by ashram standards.

There are a variety of other ways of 'buying in'. One is to donate much time and energy to the Organisation while ensuring one rises in the ranks to a high position (this requires obeying supporting everything directed Indulal Shah, whether or not one likes it or can condone it). The payments are in so-called 'donations' for one or another purpose, but they can't put 2 and 2 together to see the connection between money and their privileges. The doctrine has it: 'The money is a gift from the heart to God, the privileges are his grace to their persons'. They sit and can observe a few thousand of their 'brothers and sisters' being crushed together in the darshan lines and invalids standing for ages for a place on the hard 'torture benches' right at the rear of the crowd. All the 'VIPs' have paid a lot for this privilege, one way and another - and usually financially too. The payment is often made in gratitude for something apparently unconnected, but after the privilege has been received. In return, they can also go to the front of any food or shopping queue inside the ashrams, and they do make use of this privilege… even when cripples are waiting in the long line-up! Is this selfless service or self-service? Compassion and ego less behaviour are practiced thus at Prashanti Nilayam!

Another peculiar variant of 'earning one's place' was practiced by some who sat and waited longer than anyone else (countless thousands of hours since the early 1980s) so as to try to obtain a the foremost possible places twice daily at darshan. They were as noticeable as sore thumbs, so often so that Sai Baba could hardly have ignored their tireless zeal at sitting there without seeming heartless. After all, Sai Baba notices who is ever to the fore. (Two such prime examples known to all in the 1980s were both eventually 'blessed' with VIP status too). VIP status, which means they can join a more privileged queue of VIPs, in which they continue to outwait all others so as to get the choice of best places on the veranda before the hundreds of students are also loosed onto the veranda like a pack of hounds. It may seem unbelievable to such persons, but there are those who are too unassuming to struggle for prominence and who really believe in good action unnoticed much more than outward appearances.The obsessively persistent foreign devotee, if humbly obedient, is sometimes given a free apartment by Sai Baba, which is looked on by the more deluded as the sign of great blessedness! One such person brazenly defrauded a fellow devotee by failing to honour a signed contract, (I have seen all the proof) but constantly received favours from Sai Baba nonetheless. This was another way in which I learned that sheer dishonesty and an offensive ego are no hindrance to much attention and close physical proximity to Sai Baba. This is one of Sai Baba's many ways of binding certain people to himself, men who are unquestioning but useful parts of the propaganda machine, such as by translating his discourses. Firmly woven into the ever-more enveloping social and ideological web, such a person eventually loses the means to see anything except through Sai Baba glasses... automatically putting all such comment as here down to ego, jealousy or what not, without knowing anything of the real state of affairs. Unfortunately, this kind of blank prejudice has to be pointed out for the good of the unwary.


Bhagavantam, Tidemann-Johannesen and Baba's favouring of the wealth

India's famous atomic scientist, Dr. Naresh?. Bhagavantam, who had been a simultaneous translator of Baba's discourses for years, left Sai Baba early in the 1980s after over 20 years of being close to Sai Baba and attending hundreds of interviews etc., and he reportedly told devotees that this was not least because far too much attention was given by Sai Baba to wealthy foreign and Indian devotees, powerful politicians and the like, and especially those willing to donate funds, to whom he said that Baba most often gave rings, amulets and suchlike. Critics of Sai Baba may take all this as proof that Bhagavantam was right about Baba mostly only making himself available to those who are likely to give money and rewarding them with more rings and the like than others. One cannot cross-check the facts here, for no one keeps any kind of register of who received what. Bhagavantam is on record saying that Baba's powers and materialisations were genuine (on the 'Who Is Sai Baba' video). However, defenders of Sai Baba spread the rumour that Bhagavantam because of envy, that he wanted to be Vice-Chancellor of the University, when Gokak was chosen instead - and because his son was by-passed for some envied position. This only sounded like an attempt to nullify Bhagavantam's being critical of Sai Baba's activities with the standard Sai Baba formula applied to those who speak out about their doubts, especially when they leave Sai Baba... namely 'jealousy and envy due to not getting what they want'. I figure it is unlikely in a person of Bhagavantam's calibre - a genuine VIP and semi-hero in India (for successfully duplicating the atomic bomb for India), an elderly man with very considerable self-confidence and social support, would be above such considerations and would not have reacted in such a way. Voicing dissent is not a possible choice for otherwise confirmed devotees and was doubtless hard enough for the semi-sceptic like Bhagavantam to do too after so many years of residence. Had he wanted to continue serving Sai Baba, he of all prestigious Indian public figures would surely not have left in an alleged fit of jealousy at not getting some Sai-prestigious post!

A very rich Norwegian ship owner with a company in Bombay, the Norwegian, Alfred Tidemann-Johannesen, was cultivated by Sai Baba during the 1970s. Nothing has been heard since Kasturi and others wrote up glowing accounts of his supposed devotion to Sai Baba. This person glows by his absence from all subsequent literature! He too became disillusioned and left Sai Baba quite early on and, according to a lady in our Oslo group who knew him and last met him around 1988 when he visited Norway from Mexico. He was then writing a book denouncing Sai Baba, whom he claimed he was a deceiver. He told that Sai Baba had failed in his promises, and had deceived him about the helicopter that Tidemann-Johannessen claims to have provided to Sai Baba for travel purposes and, not least, giving darshan at his 55'th birthday. (A film showing this darshan was made and distributed by Richard Bock of California). Tidemann-Johannesen died in 2001, having written a long, rambling book (unpublished) in which he denounced Sai Baba. The biography of Sai Baba has. of course, not been amended or commented on officially in any way. The myth of the great luck of this foreign devotee - and the doubtless overblown interpretations of events by the poetic Kasturi - have to live on unaltered.

There are admittedly doubtless many persons without large funds - or even much willingness to contribute anything financially or in kind - who get to interviews and who even receive materialisations from Baba, but this does not alter the observable drift of Sai Baba's affairs towards massive funding, great expenses to promote his person, plus wasteful projects and embezzlements which no one can gain full information about. One clearly observable fact supporting this are the ladies who usually occupy the first couple of front lines at darshans. They are preponderantly Indians, and are mainly dressed in very expensive silk saris and are loaded with jewelry, far more so than the average Indian can be. Some are rich foreigners who adopt Indian fashions, such as the Iranian princess and her relatives often seen there. Such persons can be seen to be go up for interviews much more often than those in simple clothing. They are seated in the front lines well before those who have queued up for hours are allowed in to find a place.

Massive funds

What is the difference between the accumulation of massive funds in Baba's case and those of other major Indian gurus? It is that much money is visibly put to very good use? Admittedly, it seems indisputable to unbiased observers that some considerable amounts have been siphoned off by more or less corrupt persons, wasted on excellent new buildings that were demolished (eg. .... Mantap, the library building inaugurated as the Kasturi Reading Room) or entirely rebuilt within a few years (Whitefield's Sai Ramesh Hall of 1993, pulled down and rebuilt ) and also charming older buildings (such as the mansion at Brindavan) . It is virtually taboo within the movement to suggest anything that goes against Baba's frequent declarations in discourses that "not a naia paise is wasted" (i.e. "naia paise' = the smallest of Indian coins worth practically nothing at all today). One need hardly also mention the 20 kg. gold cup worth 10 million rupees presented to the winners of the Unity Cricket Cup arranged by Sai Baba at Puttaparthi, nor the more than 22 individual 2 kg. kg solid silver cups given to each player... there are many such luxury undertakings with donor money. The massively expensive show buildings either celebrating or providing alternative housing for Sai Baba himself (The Eternal Heritage Museum, the Chaitanya Jyothi, Dharmakshetra, Trayee Brindavan and others) were all funded by devotees' money.

All Sai Baba trust funds and social institutions are opaque. No one except the minions of Sai Baba has access to the data about them, their finances, their selection or admission criteria. The atmosphere of secrecy and 'unspoken answers' is quite claustrophobic to anyone who wants to find out or check anything about their workings. Therefore, any general claims can be made, any statistics concocted, without there being any means to check - let alone cross-check or investigate independently - anything about the insiders' decision making. Any financial investigator would have little more to go on than what Sai Baba or his officials choose to say.

Who directs the soliciting of money for the Sai Org.? In this connection, when Sai Baba asked Central Coordinator for Japan, Hira, ' Who is your guru?' Hira answered 'You, Swami'. "No!" said Sai Baba "It is Indulal Shah!" (Hira reported this himself in some material which was circulated internally in the Sai Org.). Who is Indulal Shah to be a 'guru' for Hira? Well, he is the Chief Accountant of the Central Trust, a Maharastran ex-politician 'godfather' with sworn follower families throughout the international Maharastra diaspora, many of whom crave office as Sai Org. leaders, national chairmen, coordinators etc. (too often for the sake of status). Shah nominates his cronies to many posts. He scotched Sai Baba's attempt to disband the Sai Org. and sack him totally in 1989 or so by getting his many cronies to send reports to him, (not to the ineffective Hejmadi at Central Office as Sai Baba laid down). T. Meyer of Denmark is Shah's right-hand man in Europe, as is Hira in Japan. With Shah's signature and backing, Hira became the chief international promoter of the scandalous 'currency of love' share investment scheme in the late 90s. He toured USA pressing leaders and devotees to buy in (Rita and Robert Bruce told me this and how they hated it!). The investors paid in foreign currency for investment in rupees on the Bombay Stock Exchange. They were guaranteed 5% return on their money, while the rest (supposedly 5% or more at the time) would go to the Central Trust. Not only did many investors lose though the regular devaluations of the rupees, but there were problems if one wanted to export the money from India due to their strict currency and anti-profit restrictions.It turned out to be a financial fiasco and devotees were then asked to sign over their shares to the Central Trust. Whether anyone ever got a refund of any money is not known (it is definitely 'not done' to mention - let alone complain about - such things in the Sai Organisation, of course, for it might reflect badly on the unstoppable, victorious Divine Mission!)


Criminal donors etc.

In his task of reforming humanity, Sai Baba increasingly draws in not only good people but also the indifferent and the bad. This is more evident with public figures since about 1990, for he is now interviewing Indian power-brokers, including embezzlers and Mafia-connected politicians. A reliable informant, a good and tried person of many years' ashram experience, related what Swami recently said to a lady at an interview. When asked why he allows so many bad persons to occupy positions and receive what seems to be or most people regard as 'Grace' (i.e. his physical presence) etc., he replied that at the foot of a lighted candle there is darkness. Other money coming in to the Trust and being accepted is said by a well-informed lady in an important post with access to inside financial information in Delhi (whose identity cannot be revealed for security reasons) had checked the Central Trust's transactions and found that sums of money come from 'laundering' of illegal funds; donors including the drug- and gun-runner Dawood Ibrahim, who are known criminals! Apparently it's a question of buying into prestige.

On Sai Baba's 70th birthday, when the extensive Rayaleseema project to provide water to a considerable area of villages around the ashram, major donations to it were announced from the podium by Mr. Srinivas of the Central Trust of the Sathya Sai Organisation. These totalled many millions of dollars, large sums coming from various devotees from such countries as the USA and Japan. It was noticeable also that the names included the contributions of Bhangarappa, a known corrupt Karnataka politician, who gave 1 crore of rupees, and two famous Indian 'liquor barons' - which means illegal operators - one of whom, Mr. Reddy, was murdered in Madras only a week or so later. The morning that the news of Reddy being shot dead arrived, V.K. Narasimhan came over and told me about it, for earlier he had recounted for me how he had been taken by Sai Baba in his car to visit the same Mr. Reddy in his palatial residence some months previously. Reddy had told Sai Baba that he wanted to get out of politics and other (criminal) involvements, which wish was anyhow now fulfilled definitively! Other money coming in to the Trust and being accepted is said by a well-informed lady (who has actually checked the books, being in a Gov't administrative position) to come from 'laundering' of illegal funds; some donors are known criminals! Apparently it's a question of buying into prestige. Anyhow, we can hope that that by tainted money now going to the benefit of the really worthy and needy, it becomes pure!


See Can we trust the Central Trust

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